Home > Oncology > ASCO 2020 > Lung Cancer > Adjuvant osimertinib in NSCLC: practice changing ADAURA trial

Adjuvant osimertinib in NSCLC: practice changing ADAURA trial

Presented By
Prof. Roy S. Herbst, Yale Cancer Center, USA
ASCO 2020
Phase 3, ADAURA

Featured video: Phase III study assessing the efficacy of adjuvant use of targeted agent osimertinib in patients with localized non-small-cell lung cancer and EGFR mutation after complete tumor resection and adjuvant chemotherapy.

Adjuvant osimertinib demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful benefit for patients with stage IB, II, or IIIA EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with complete tumour resection in the phase 3 ADAURA trial, presented by Prof. Roy Herbst (Yale Cancer Center, USA) [1].

Osimertinib is a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, with demonstrated efficacy as a frontline agent for metastatic NSCLC with confirmed EGFR mutation [2]. The phase 3 ADAURA clinical trial attempted to assess whether this agent is also effective in earlier stages of metastatic disease characterised by EGFR mutation, namely as an adjuvant therapy after complete surgical resection of stage IB, II, or IIIA disease.

Oral osimertinib (80 mg once daily) was compared with placebo for a treatment duration of up to 3 years or until disease recurrence. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS), and the key secondary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Other secondary endpoints include DFS at 2, 3, and 5 years; patient health-related quality of life and symptoms; and plasma concentrations.

The study was unblinded early under the recommendation from an Independent Data Monitoring Committee due to efficacy, Prof. Herbst described the unplanned interim analysis. At the time of the unblinding, all patients had been enrolled and randomised (n=682) and all patients had been followed up for at least 1 year. For the primary endpoint in stage II-III patients, the DFS curves separated early on and showed an 83% reduced risk of disease recurrence for the osimertinib arm (HR 0.17; 95% CI 0.12-0.23; P<0.0001, see Figure). Adding in the early-stage IB patients to the overall population did not change this trend (HR 0.21; 95% CI 0.16-0.28; P<0.0001), indicating that osimertinib benefits early stage patients as well. DFS across all subgroups in the overall population (i.e. age, gender, smoking status, Asian vs non-Asian, EGFR mutation, adjuvant chemotherapy) favoured osimertinib.

Figure. Primary endpoint: DFS in patients with stage II-IIIA disease [1]


The median duration of exposure was 22.3 months (range 0-43) for the osimertinib arm, and 18.4 months (range 0-48) for the placebo arm. Osimertinib was well tolerated with a safety profile consistent with its known safety profile (diarrhoea, paronychia, dry skin, and pruritis being the most common). There were no adverse events leading to death in the osimertinib arm. The rate of grade 3-4 adverse events was low. Interstitial lung disease was reported in 10 (3%) patients in the osimertinib arm and in 0 patients in the placebo group; cardiac QTc prolongation was reported in 22 patients (7%) in the osimertinib arm and 4 patients (1%) in the placebo arm.

In conclusion, adjuvant osimertinib is the first targeted agent in a global randomised trial to show a significant and clinically meaningful improvement in DFS in patients with stage IB/II/IIIA EGFR-mutant NSCLC. Overall, there was a 79% reduction in the risk of disease recurrence or death with osimertinib. Osimertinib versus placebo DFS rates at 2 years were 89% vs 53%, respectively. A consistent improvement was observed in DFS regardless of prior adjuvant chemotherapy. The safety profile was beneficial. In short, adjuvant osimertinib provides a highly effective, practice-changing treatment for patients with stage IB/II/IIIA EGFR-mutant NSCLC after complete tumour resection.

    1. Herbst RS, et al. ASCO Virtual Meeting, 29-31 May 2020, Abstract LBA5.

    2. Soria JC, et al. N Engl J Med. 2018;378(2):113‐125.

Posted on